Sri Lanka lies on the Indian tectonic plate. It is in the Indian Ocean southwest of the Bay of Bengal, between latitudes 5° and 10°N, and longitudes 79° and 82°E. Sri Lanka is separated from the Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Strait. The island consists mostly of flat to rolling coastal plains, with mountains rising only in the south-central part. The highest point is Pidurutalagala, reaching 2,524 metres (8,281 ft) above sea level. The climate is tropical and warm. Temperatures range from 17 °C (62.6 °F) in the central highlands, where frost may occur for several days in the winter, to a maximum of 33 °C (91.4 °F) in other low-altitude areas. Average yearly temperatures range from 28 °C (82.4 °F) to nearly 31 °C (87.8 °F). Day and night temperatures may vary by 14 °C (25.2 °F) to 18 °C (32.4 °F). The culture of Sri Lanka dates back over 2500 years.
Some of major tourist activities in Sri Lanka
Trekking & Hiking
Backpacking is the outdoor recreation of carrying gear on one’s back, while hiking for more than a day. It is often but not always an extended journey, and may or may not involve camping outdoors. In Sri Lanka tenting is common, where simple shelters and mountain huts found widely. Tramping is an equivalent term though overnight huts are frequently used. Hill walking is the equivalent, though backpackers make use of all kinds of accommodation, in addition to camping. Backpackers use simple huts. Similar terms used in other countries are trekking.
White Water Rafting
Our operators promotion Sri Lanka solely on the merits of its white-water rafting, but the sport certainly is catching on fast. With many rivers arising in the central mountains and then flowing downhill for much of their length, the island has several good locations for the sport. In a morning’s rafting you can confront awesome rapids with names such as virgin’s breast, head chopper, killer fall, rib cage and slot and drop. Water Rafting area in Sri Lanka:- Kithulgala.
There are 5 major national parks in Sri Lanka. They are; Minneriya National Park, Kaudulla National Park, Udawalawa National Park, Yala National Park, Horton Plains National Park. You can take jeep safari in these national parks. Most visited national park is Yala.
Yala National Park
Yala National Park is the most visited and second largest national park in Sri Lanka. The park consists of five blocks, two of which are now open to the public, and also adjoining parks. The blocks have individual names such as, Ruhuna National Park (block 1) and Kumana National Park or ‘Yala East’ for the adjoining area. It is situated in the southeast region of the country, and lies in Southern Province and Uva Province. The park covers 979 square kilometres (378 sq mi) and is located about 300 kilometres (190 mi) from Colombo. Yala was designated as a wildlife sanctuary in 1900, and, along with Wilpattu was one of the first two national parks in Sri Lanka, having been designated in 1938. The park is best known for its variety of wild animals. It is important for the conservation of Sri Lankan Elephants, Sri Lankan leopards and aquatic birds.